Health Care Costs Are Still A Crushing Problem
Andrew Luccock pays approximately $1,700 per month for health insurance for his family of 5 — and still expects to pay more than $25,000 out-of-pocket this year for medical care. That will total around $45,000 for premiums and uncovered expenses in 2018 – on top of a similar outlay final year.
“I’m excited. I feel trapped,” the 58-year-musty insurance broker form Portland, Ore., tells Yahoo Finance. “I hold enough cash flow coming in, but I keeping thinking, how does a average person pay for this?”
Congress fought some epic battles over health care during the final year — and in the finish did precisely nothing to encourage a slice of Americans struggling with soaring health insurance premiums and out-of-pocket expenses. The Trump administration, meanwhile, killed a subsidy associated with the Affordable Care Act, raising costs even more for those already facing the sharpest increases.
The most crushing price hikes are hitting people who don’t net insurance from an employer or government program, and purchase it individually on the so-called non-group market. These over-the-barrel consumers tend to be small-commerce, trade owners or independent contractors, and the steepest premiums hit those between 50 and 64. For people getting insurance through an employer, premiums rose just 3 percent in 2017 on average, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation. But premiums for individual policies rose a whopping 20 percent, and premium increases in 2018 may very well surpass final year’s.
That’s happening for a couple of reasons. First, many insurers participating in the marketplaces set up under the Affordable Care Act set premiums too low when the law first went into effect in 2014. They’ve since adjusted upward, with sharp hikes in premiums for some customers. There are rules limiting premium increases under Obamacare itself, and large employers hold negotiating leverage that helps support a lid on the premiums their workers pay. But purchasers in the non-group market hold hardly any leverage, so insurers hold shifted the biggest price hikes there.
President Trump’s decision final October to finish “cost-sharing reduction” payments to insurers probably pushed premiums up even more, since insurers had to find additional ways to offset rising costs. Again, raising premiums on individual policy purchasers is the path of least resistance. total data for 2018 isn’t available yet, but Kaiser found likely premium increases ranging from 17 percent for a low-cost arrangement offering modest coverage to 32 percent for a medium-priced arrangement that covers more.
Obamacare, as the ACA is known, provides subsidies for lower-income people buying insurance through an exchange, so they don’t feel the full sting of higher premiums. But people who earn too much to qualify for subsidies hold no such protection, and finish up bearing the full brunt of whole the price hikes insurers are loading onto individual purchasers. There are approximately 10 million Americans covered by plans purchased on the individual market without ACA subsidies.
Yahoo Finance surveyed more than 1,400 readers on their insurance costs from Jan. 12 – 15, and found more pain among people purchasing individual policies than those covered by any other source. More than 58 percent of people buying individual coverage said the cost was unaffordable or a major hardship, compared with just 43 percent overall. And 91 percent of those purchasing an individual policy said premiums went up this year, compared with just 78 percent of whole respondents.
Luccock, who buys insurance on the individual market, started seeing substantial price hikes in 2017, after his prior insurer pulled out of Oregon, unable to turn a sufficient profit. Monthly premiums rose from $1,050 per month to $1,350 under the recent insurer, and then to $1,700 for 2018. Luccock’s 23-year-musty son injured his back in 2016, requiring two medical procedures final year. But insurance would only pay for one, forcing Luccock to pay more than $40,000 out of pocket for the other. He paid half upfront final year, with the rest due this year.
Since Luccock is an insurance broker who understands how the market works, he’s contemplating alternatives to traditional insurance. “I’m thinking I could achieve $4,000 or $5,000 a month into an investment account and eventually be able to cover most medical expenses myself,” Luccock says. “In the worst case, whether something terrible happened, I’d just travel bankrupt. How crazy is it for somebody like me to even contemplate self-insuring?”
Others are giving up on insurance altogether. designate Viator, a retired statistician living in Crofton, Md., had been buying insurance on the individual market since he left a government job in 2005. But with his premiums due to rise 40 percent from 2016 to 2017, he decided to travel without. “That’s just an astonishing rate of growth,” he says. “That stunned me. For me, it’s the costs being out of control.” Viator, 61, has a condition that will require some orthopedic work on his hand, but he figures he’ll negotiate a cash price with doctors — and otherwise simply wait it out until he qualifies for Medicare in 4 years.
Brian, a 60-year-musty commerce, trade owner who lives near Ft. Lauderdale, is also looking ahead to the moment he qualifies for Medicare — but with a lot more trepidation. His wife suffers from multiple sclerosis and requires costly medication, so going without insurance isn’t an option. Monthly premiums for the two of them hold risen from approximately $1,800 per month in 2014 to $3,140 per month this year — a 74 percent increase during that time, or 19 percent per year. Including deductibles, the cost of insurance is approximately $31,000 per year.
“That’s a crazy amount of money,” says Brian, who asked that we not exhaust his final name. Paying that much for insurance leaves less to achieve into retirement funds or invest back in his commerce, trade, and fellow commerce, trade owners he knows face the same crunch. “We don’t hold any buying power as a group,” Brian says. “We feel like we’re underheard and underrepresented. Nobody talks approximately it any more.”
Focus on killing Obamacare
The large fight in Congress final year wasn’t approximately solving the problem of runaway costs that millions of Americans face. That battle was strictly approximately killing Obamacare, which would hold checked a Republican wish-list item but also would hold axed insurance for millions, while doing limited to rein in costs. Three Republican-led efforts to assassinate Obamcare failed.
Obamacare is, in fact, partly to blame for the quandary individual insurance buyers face. By establishing minimum coverage levels and phasing out subsidies at certain income levels, the 2010 law left an island of consumers in the individual market uniquely vulnerable to rising costs. But the law also did a lot of obliging, and repealing it outright would leave 20 million people or so without insurance.
The Trump administration made two changes final year that will probably affect insurance and medical costs in the future — but not favorably. The tax cuts President Trump signed in December included a repeal of the individual mandate requiring whole Americans who can afford health insurance to purchase it. That will save money for people who choose not to buy insurance, if they don’t net sick or afflict. But it will probably push premiums even higher for individual insurance purchasers, because there will be fewer healthy people in the insurance pool and a larger portion of sick people requiring costly care. Inevitably, those hikes in premiums and out-of-pocket costs will flow to the individual market.
Trump also plans to allow the sale of “organization health plans,” which tend to offer stripped-down benefits at a lower cost than typical plans. That could lower costs for some, but these plans are controversial because they’ve been associated with fraud in the past. They could also siphon off healthy consumers from broader insurance pools, which, again, would push rates higher for those who remain.
There are better ways to address spiraling costs. The U.S. system is riddled with middlemen and incentives that reward the amount of care if, well than the effectiveness of care. There are many sound ideas for how to better control costs, whether Congress were interested in real solutions. The government could even provide final-resort catastrophic care to those who can’t afford a traditional policy but want minimal coverage in case of catastrophe—an view once backed by conservative icon Milton Friedman, but rejected now by conservatives seemingly opposed to any government role in anything. For the time being, meanwhile, health reform in the United States is more likely to travel backward than forward.
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